Survival is the art of remaining alive in and escaping from a hostile environment without full facilities.
Survival mustn’t be confused with camping in the wilderness, in winter on a mountain armed with a tent, sleeping bag, cooking equipment and food – this is not survival. Even extreme backpackers , people who compete in events such as mountain marathons, who plan everything they have to carry, down to the last gramme, will still be warm at night and have enough food to last their expedition – this is not survival.
In these examples, the people in question have planned for their trips, have warm clothing, adequate cover from the elements, enough food etc, also they are most likely well practised at what they do and probably do not go alone. Another person, wearing normal day-to-day clothes, with no camping experience or specialised equipment placed in a similar environment as the above examples, would struggle to cope – this IS survival.
Who is most likely to survive?
Almost anyone can survive with some basic knowledge. However, there are a number of things that can dramatically improve a persons chances. They are:-
Determination. Faced with a problem, only you can decide if you will give it everything or take the easy way out and give up.
Self Discipline. If you know you have only enough water for 1 week and you musn’t take more than a certain amount each day, being disciplined enough to ignore your thirst and stick to your plan is obviously very important.
Confidence. If you have confidence in doing something well, you are less likely to panic or be afraid and will be more likely to survive.
Physical & Mental fitness. Physical fitness means better concentration and endurance, and the ability to endure physical exertion could mean the difference between surviving or not.
This is a comprehensive list of the most important qualities for survival. Mental problems can arise because a survival situation happens in an instant, and we do not like sudden changes in our surroundings or safety, and the fear of the unknown which can lead to panic is the main initial hurdle in a survival situation. Therefore, it is important to ‘take stock’ of the situation, avoid panicking, stay focused and prioritise what needs to be done. This sounds easy, sat in a warm house or office reading this, but keeping a level head in a crisis is something you cannot practice, and therefore any survival knowledge you have learnt can save your life and the lives of others.
Priorities In An Emergency
– Remove people from immediate danger.
– First aid to injured people.
– Find shelter.
– Find water.
– Try to get your bearings and fix your position.
– Attempt to build, if possible, a signalling system to help a rescue party find you.
– Decide if or when you will go to find help or send someone else for help.
– Keep trying to improve your situation, don’t just sit around waiting to be found. You can survive if you want to, it is important to never give up